Options trading is one of the best alternative strategies for investors to profit from trading stocks. There are different strategies involving different combinations of options trading, underlying assets, and other derivatives.
There are advantages in options trading rather than underlying stocks, such as downside protection and leveraged returns, but there are also disadvantages like the requirement for upfront premium payment.
Options are conditional derivative contracts that allow traders and investors (option holders) to buy or sell a security at a chosen stock price.
Options are categorized into “call” and “put” options. With a call option, the buyer of the contract purchases the right to buy the underlying asset in the future at a predetermined stock price, called exercise price or strike price. With a put option, the buyer acquires the right to sell the underlying asset in the future at the predetermined stock price.
Options Trading Strategies For New Traders
You’ve spent vast amounts of time, money, and effort to study options trading strategies to become an options trading expert. You know the difference between bids and offers, puts and calls, exercise price, strike price and expiration days. And you still can’t make any money.
Now What? Where do you apply your newfound expertise? How do you maximize your reward while minimizing your risk?
Are you looking to invest in #options but the high risks involved drive you away? If used cleverly, options can greatly increase your #portfolioreturns. Here are some simple yet effective options trading strategies so that you can enjoy big returns. 🙌 https://t.co/dDeLIUufRX pic.twitter.com/SZr0VOOUPp
— The College Investor (@CollegeInvestin) December 21, 2018
It is all very simple. Stick to the basic disciplines. And you will suddenly find that the number of your new trades that are winners will take a quantum leap. Surely then, money will start pouring into your trading account.
It’s really not all that hard to do. So here we go!
Know The Macro Picture
If you have a handle on whether the economy is growing or shrinking, you have a major advantage in the options market.
In a growing economy, you only want to employ bullish strategies, like calls, call spreads, exercising strike price and short volatility plays.
In a shrinking economy you want to execute bearish plays, like puts, put spreads, and long volatility plays.
Remember, the only thing that is useful for your options trading is a view on what the economy is going to do NEXT.
The government only publishes historical economic data. This is for the most part useless in predicting what is going to happen in the future of stock trading.
The options market is all about discounting what is going to happen next.
And how do you find that out?
Well, you could hire your own in-house staff economist. Or you could rely on economic research from the largest stock brokerage houses.
Even the Federal Reserve puts out its own forecasts for economic growth prospects.
However, all of these sources have notoriously poor track records. Listening to them and placing bets on their advice CAN get you into a world of trouble.
For the best possible read on the future of the US and the global economy, there is no better place to go than Global Trading Dispatch, published by me, John Thomas, the Mad Hedge Fund Trader.
This is where the largest hedge funds and stockbrokers go to find out what really is going to happen to the economy.
Give Yourself Another Valuable Edge
There are over 100 different industries listed on US stock markets. However, only about 5 or 10 are really growing decisively at any particular time. The rest are either going nowhere or are shrinking.
In fact, you can find a handful of sectors that are booming, while others are in outright recession.
If you are a major hedge fund, institution, or government, you may want to cover all 100 of those industries. Good luck with that.
If you are a small hedge fund, or an individual working from home, you will want to conserve your time and resources, skip most of the US industry, and only focus on a handful.
Some traders take this a step further and only concentrate on a single high growing, volatile industry, like technology or biotech, or an even single name, like Netflix (NFLX), Tesla (TSLA), or Amazon (AMZN).
How Do You Decide Which Industry To Trade?
Brokerage houses pump out more free research than you could ever read in a lifetime. Government reports tend to be stodgy, boring, and out of date. Big hedge funds keep their in-house research confidential (although some of it leaks out to me).
The Mad Hedge Fund Trader solves this problem for you by limiting its scope to a small number of the benchmark, pathfinder industries, like technology, banks, energy, consumer cyclical, biotech, and cybersecurity.
In this way, we gain a handle on what is happening in the economy as a whole, while lining up rifle shots on the best options trades out there.
We want to direct you where the action is, and where we have a good handle on future earnings prospects.
It doesn’t hurt that we live in the edge if Silicon Valley and get invited to test out many new technologies before they are made public. My Tesla Model S1 is a perfect example.
That encouraged me to recommend Tesla stock at $16 before it began its historic run to $295. It was the best short squeeze ever.
The Micro Picture Is Ideal
Once you have a handle on the economy and the best industries, it’s time to zero in on the best company to trade in or the “MICRO” selection.
It’s always great to find a good target to trade in because positions in single companies can deliver double or even triple the returns compared to stock indexes.
That because the market will pay a far higher implied volatility for a single company than a large basket of companies.
Remember also that you are taking greater risk in trading individual companies. The options market will pay you for that extra risk.
If the earnings come through as expected, everything is hunky dory. If they don’t, the shares can drop by half in a heartbeat. Large indexes buffer this effect, which is why they have far lower volatility.
Of course, there are gobs of market research about individual companies out there from brokers. Some of it is right, some of it is wrong, but all of it is conflicted. Recommendations are either “BUY” or “HOLD”.
Brokers are loath to issue a “SELL” recommendation for a stock because it will eliminate any chance of that firm obtaining new issue business. Who wants to hire a broker to sell new stock when their analyst has already dissed the company?
And brokerage firms don’t make their bread and butter on those piddling little discount commissions you have been paying them. They make it on new highly lucrative new issues business. In fact, a new issue can earn as much as $100 million from one firm. I know because I’ve done it.
I have been following about 100 companies in the leading market sectors for nearly half a century. Some of the management of these firms have become close friends over the decades. So, I get some really first class information.
When markets rotate to sectors and companies that I already know, I have a huge advantage. Needless to say, this gives me a massive head start when selecting individual names for options Trade Alerts.
The Technical Line Up
I have never been a huge fan of technical analysis.
Most technical advice boils down to “if it’s gone up, it will go up more” or “If it’s gone down, it will go down more.”
Over time, the recommendations are accurate 50% of the time or are about equal with a coin toss.
However, the shorter the time frame, the more useful technical analysis becomes.
If you analyze intraday trading, almost all very short-term movements can be explained in technical terms. This is entirely how day traders make their livings.
It’s a classic case of if enough people believe something, it becomes true, no matter how dubious the underlying facts may be.
So it does behoove us to pay some attention to the charts when executing your trades.
Talk to old-time investors. You will find that they use fundamentals for long term stock selection and technicals for short-term order execution.
Talk to them some more and you find the best fundamentalists sound like technicians, while savvy technicians refer to underlying fundamentals.
The methods used to analyze securities and make investment decisions fall into two very broad categories: fundamental and technical analysis.
Get the technicals right, and you can provide one additional reason for your trade to work.
The Calendar Is Favorable
There are one more means of assuring your trades turn into winners.
I am a big fan of buying straw hats in the dead of winter and umbrellas in the sizzling heat of the summer.
There IS a method to my madness.
Have you heard of “Sell in May and go away?”
According to the Stock Trader’s Almanac, $10,000 invested at the beginning of May and sold at the end of October every year since 1950 would be showing a loss today.
This is despite the fact that the Dow Average rocketed from $409 to $18,300 during the same time period, a gain of 44.74 times!
Amazingly, $10,000 invested on every November and sold at the end of April would today be worth $702,000, giving you a compound annual return of 7.10%.
It gets better.
Of the 62 years under study, the market was down in 25 of the May to October periods, but negative in only 13 of the November to April periods.
What’s more, the market has been down only three times from November to April in the last 20 years!
There have been just three times when the “good 6 months” have lost more than 10% (1969, 1973 and 2008), but with the “bad six months” time period there have been 11 losing losses of 10% or more.
So it’s clear that trading according to the calendar can have a significant impact on your profitability and underlying security.
Knowing Why The Market Crashes
Being a long time student of the American, and indeed, the global economy, I have long had a theory behind the regularity of this cycle. It’s enough to base a pagan religion around, like the once practicing Druids at Stonehenge.
Up until the 1920s, we had an overwhelmingly agricultural economy. Farmers were always at maximum financial distress in the fall, when their outlays for seed, fertilizer, and labor were the greatest, but they had yet to earn any income from the sale of their crops.
So they had to borrow all at once, placing a large cash call on the financial system as a whole. This is why we have seen so many stock market crashes in October.
Once the system swallows this lump, it’s nothing but green lights for six months.
After the cycle was set and was easily identifiable by computer algorithms, the trend became a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Yes, it may be disturbing to learn that we ardent stock market practitioners might, in fact, be the high priests of a strange set of beliefs. But hey, some people will do anything to outperform the market.
It is important to remember that this cyclicality is not 100% accurate, and you know the one time you bet the ranch, it won’t work.
Benefits Of The Tailwinds
So there we have it.
Adopt of these five simple disciplines, and you will find your success rate on trades jumps from a mere coin toss to 70%, 80%, or even 90%.
In other words, you convert your trading from an endless series of frustrations to a reliable source of income.
If potential trades meets only four of these five criteria, please do it with your money and not mine. Your chances of making money have just declined.
And I bet a lot of you poor souls execute trades all the time that meet NONE of these criteria. No wonder you’re losing money hand over fist!
Get the tailwinds of the economy, your industrial call, your company pick, the market technicals, and the calendar working for you, and all of a sudden you’re a trading genius.
It only took me a half a century to pull all this together. Hopefully, you can learn a little bit faster than me.
Just like many successful investors, options traders have a clear understanding of their financial goals and desired a spot in the market. The way you approach and think about money in options trading will have a direct impact on how you trade options. The best thing you can do before you start trading is to clearly define your investing goals.
John Thomas, MadHedgeFundTrader.com
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